What is a DoS Attack? Types, Exploitations and Security Tips

In the space of 5 years, the number of Denial of Service (DoS) attacks has almost doubled. The result is the paralysis of tens of millions of web platforms and the loss of thousands or even millions of euros by victim organisations.

Companies such as Amazon and GitHub have already been affected by this type of attack. One of the best-known attacks is MIRAI, which used a botnet of nearly 100,000 hijacked machines to make Dyn’s services unavailable in 2016.

Antivirus and EDR Bypass Techniques

Antivirus, anti-malware and EDR are tools commonly used to prevent attacks.

However, these solutions can be bypassed. In this article, we take a closer look at the various antivirus and EDR bypass techniques that can be implemented in a loader: a program whose aim is to execute a malicious payload on a machine by bypassing the various protections in place.

RCE (Remote Code Execution): Exploitations and Security Tips

Exploiting a RCE vulnerability for a pentester is something of a Holy Grail. Depending on the context, there are numerous techniques for executing code remotely and thus exploit a RCE.

Beyond the principle of this type of vulnerability, we present in this article examples of RCE attacks and exploitations, as well as best practices and measures to implement to protect yourself.

Understanding and Preventing CORS Misconfiguration

Before presenting practical examples of CORS misconfiguration, it is important to define several points. First, the principle of the Same-Origin Policy (SOP) will be explained, since the CORS mechanism modifies these rules by making them more flexible. We will then explain how CORS work. Finally, we will look at practical examples of improper configuration.

Most applications have a critical feature for identifying users. The aim is to guarantee the confidentiality and integrity of their data. Common methods used to enable the server to identify a user include session cookies, JSON Web Tokens (JWT) or, in some cases, customised solutions.

Clearly, the logic behind the generation of these session tokens is essential, because bypassing or hijacking them can lead to account takeover, with critical impacts on data security and even the total compromise of the system.